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Dollar Reserve Currency Status: Will It Last Much Longer?

Money Printing
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EDITOR NOTE: Without staking claim to any anthropological position, there’s something about the modern human that errs on the side of stability. The desire for stability and normalcy often causes people to think in terms of “permanence.” Most of us grew up in any of the preceding generations wherein the dollar was the world’s reserve currency, the nation had the most powerful military, and the economy was a shining light among all nations across the globe. And because that was the given state of normal affairs then--one that had lasted for decades--that somehow defines our tomorrows. But it doesn’t. It doesn’t even define the immediate future. America has enjoyed high levels of social, political, and technological development. That is true. America has also been a very stable country with a solid democracy. You need development and stability to earn trust when it comes to issuing global reserve currency. As the article below aims to prove, we’re losing our grip on both of these attributes. It’s dusk, and most Americans don’t even realize it.

The Federal Reserve and the confederation of central banks which follow Chair Powell and his lieutenants at the Eccles Building have flooded the world with fiat script which is only limited by Keynesians' and modern monetary theorists' imaginations. In this flurry of metaphorical printing, one country, Russia, has loaded its central bank balance sheet not with the speculation de jour, bitcoin, but instead with the barbaric relic gold.

Tellingly, Russia’s stockpiling began in 2016, and on the eve of the president’s departure from the White House, Vladamir Putin and Elvira Nabiullina, president of Russia’s central bank, had more gold than US dollars stockpiled.

Bloomberg reports, “A multi-year drive to reduce exposure to US assets has pushed the share of gold in Russia’s $583 billion international reserves above dollars for the first time on record.”

It’s no secret Mr. Putin initiated the strategy to “dedollarize” Russia’s economy. The yellow metal is now the second-largest component of the central bank’s reserves after euros, which make up a third of its reserves. Chinese yuan reserves make up 12 percent.

Over two years ago Forbes compared the oil-producing state Texas to the oil-producing country. “Even though Russia has nearly five times as many residents as Texas, the Lone Star State's economy is more than $400 billion larger. Texans, therefore, enjoy a gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of around $58,000, whereas Russians have one closer to $8,700,” wrote Frank Holmes.

In the same article, Holmes pointed out, “The Russian Federation is the largest single producer of crude in the world, pumping out 10.95 million barrels per day (bpd) in January, according to the country’s energy minister.” Until there is an EV (electric vehicle) in every American garage, Russia is not to be taken lightly. 

Americans have benefited mightily by holding and trading with the world’s reserve currency, though most people haven’t given it a thought. No one remembers when the pound sterling held this distinction a hundred years ago. 

“Reserve currencies are typically issued by developed, stable countries,” Investopedia.com. Developed? If you insist. Stable? Not so much.

“Reserve currency issuing countries are not exposed to the same level of exchange rate risk, especially when it comes to commodities, which are often quoted and settled in dollars,” Investopedia explains. “Issuing countries are also able to borrow in their home currencies and are less worried about propping up their currencies to avoid default.” 

Ivestopedia laughingly cites what it calls a drawback to reserve currency, “Low borrowing costs stemming from issuing a reserve currency may prompt loose spending by both the public and private sectors, which may result in asset bubbles and ballooning government debt.” Sounds familiar. 

In 2015, Patrick Barron wrote on mises.org,

Because of this money-printing philosophy, the dollar is very susceptible to losing its vaunted reserve currency position to the first major trading country that stops inflating its currency. There is evidence that China understands what is at stake; it has increased its gold holdings and has instituted controls to prevent gold from leaving China.

Russia has joined China. 

Barron concluded, “If we abolish, or even lessen, legal tender laws and allow the process of price discovery to reveal the best sound money, if we allow our US dollar to become the best money it can—a truly sound money—then the chances of our personal and collective prosperity are greatly enhanced.”

The Fed fiddles while the dollar burns. 

Originally posted on The Street

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