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Grim Jobs Outlook In The U.S. Reinforces Growth Fears

Jobs US
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EDITOR NOTE: Let’s put everything into perspective. 12.6 million Americans are out of a job. The December surprise, 140,000 jobs lost, only affirms the writing on the wall since the pandemic began inflicting its economic casualties. The article below, published by the multinational banking corporation ING Group, is right in stating that until Covid is defeated, there will be no economic improvement. The US will likely see continuing stimulus should the job market get worse (the likely outcome). Whatever economic relief may come from such fiscal measures, you’re likely to see a negatively-correlated movement in dollar growth and purchasing power. In short, our economy in the long-term will be sacrificed for near-term recovery. ING noted it “remains upbeat” in the medium to long-term, a statement prefacing the damaging data which comprises 95% of the entire piece. Nice touch. But a felt-skinned hammer blow is still a hammer blow.

The December US jobs report makes for grim reading. Non-farm payrolls fell 140,000 versus expectations of a 50,000 rise. The leisure and hospitality sector bore the brunt of the pain with job losses of 498,000. The narrative here is that the stay-at-home orders in California, the most populous US state, and the closure of dine-in eating in New York and some other cities has hit this industry incredibly hard. This had already been flagged by the Homebase survey while yesterday’s ISM service sector report also indicated a decline in employment was likely.

The government sector also continues to feel significant pain with employment falling another 45,000 with state and local government budget continuing to be stretch to the limit as tax revenues plunge. Education and health, meanwhile saw employment fall 31,000. Other sectors all saw gains, but employment  remains well down on pre-pandemic levels.

Macrobond, ING

Jobs market is fundamentally weak

The loss of momentum in job creation has been evident for some time, but the fact we have now seen an outright fall in jobs will put more pressure on the incoming administration to step in with another significant fiscal support package. After all, we must remember there are still 9.8 million people fewer in work than before the pandemic so confidence and incomes are being squeezed.

There is a lot of focus on the unemployment rate trending down (it held at 6.7% in December), but we feel looking at employment as a proportion of working age population is a better gauge of the jobs market.

The chart below shows that at just 57% this is weaker than at any point during the Global Financial Crisis and is on a par with what the US was averaging in the 1970s when female labour market participation was lower. As such, the US jobs market has a long way to go before it has fully healed.

Employment levels and employment as % of working age population

Macrobond, ING

No improvement until Covid is defeated

The situation won’t improve meaningfully until Covid containment measures are lifted, which could be a number of months away. While the vaccination program is starting to gain traction there is a window of extreme vulnerability as the number of cases and hospitalisations rise. Should the new, more transmissible variant of Covid gain a foothold here then this would increase the threat of more near-term containment measures, which would undoubtedly come at a severe economic cost. This in turn risks further job losses.

We already know that consumer spending fell in November and next week’s retail sales report will likely show a drop in December. A deteriorating jobs situation implies things may not improve meaningfully in 1Q21.

Originally posted on ING

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All articles are provided as a third party analysis and do not necessarily reflect the explicit views of GSI Exchange and should not be construed as financial advice.

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