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Ten Year Treasury Yield Drops Again Driving Recession Gauge To Most Negative Level in 40 Years

Daniel Plainview

Updated: November 21, 2022

Recession business
Editor’s Note:

EDITOR'S NOTE: The 2 and 10-year treasury yield curve remains in inversion for most of 2022. In the years leading up to it, fears of a yield curve inversion sent the markets crashing on different occasions as such an inversion is highly indicative of a recession. But now we’ve normalized this inversion, as the debate whether we’re in a recession or not has somehow been resolved as people have agreed to disagree while the issue of economic contraction remains undecided. Still, experts are watching the treasury yields, and the spread between the 2 and 10 is now reaching levels not seen since 1982. The economy appears to be worsening. But how deep a plunge are we to expect, and for how long? 

The benchmark 10-year Treasury yield dropped to another one-month low on Wednesday, driving a popular bond-market gauge that is an indicator of a potential recession to its most negative level in more than 40 years.

The spread between 2- and 10-year rates shrank to 67 basis points, a level not seen since Feb. 18, 1982, when it went to minus 70.5 basis points.

What’s happening

  • The yield on the 2-year Treasury TMUBMUSD02Y, 4.450% rose less than 1 basis point to 4.363% from 4.359% as of Tuesday.
  • The yield on the 10-year Treasury TMUBMUSD10Y, 3.785% dropped 10.5 basis points to 3.693% from 3.798% late Tuesday. Wednesday’s level is the lowest for the 10-year yield since Oct. 4, based on 3 p.m. figures from Dow Jones Market Data.
  • The yield on the 30-year Treasury TMUBMUSD30Y, 3.885% fell 12 basis points to 3.860% from 3.980% on Tuesday afternoon. Wednesday’s level is the lowest for the 30-year rate since Oct. 7.

What’s driving markets

Bond investors looked past Wednesday’s retail-sales report and focused instead on a worsening economic outlook as the Federal Reserve keeps hiking interest rates.

Markets are pricing in an 85% probability that the Fed will raise interest rates by another 50 basis points to a range of 4.25% to 4.50% on Dec. 14, according to the CME FedWatch tool. Traders also slightly boosted their expectations that the central bank will take the fed-funds rate target above 5% next year.

A team at Goldman Sachs now sees the likelihood that the Fed will raise borrowing costs to between 5% and 5.25% in 2023, above its prior forecast of 4.75% and 5%. Meanwhile, San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly told CNBC that the central bank’s benchmark interest-rate target may have to rise above 5% to put downward pressure on inflation.

However, Fed Governor Christopher Waller said Wednesday that recent economic data should allow the Federal Reserve to at least consider stepping down the pace of its interest rate hikes at its next meeting in December,

Read: More trouble is brewing in the $24 trillion Treasury market: This time, it’s about central clearing

U.S retail sales jumped 1.3% for October, signaling that consumers are still spending plenty of money, despite persistent inflation and the Fed’s efforts to combat it. That’s better than the 1.2% rise that had been forecast by economists polled by The Wall Street Journal. Other data released on Wednesday showed that industrial production was down 0.1% in October after a revised 0.1% gain in the prior month.

Overseas, U.K. 10-year gilt yields TMBMKGB-10Y, 3.222% fell 14.7 basis points to 3.147% even though data showed surging food and energy prices pushed inflation up last month by more than expected to 11.1%, the highest since October 1981. Investors are waiting for the U.K. finance minister’s Autumn Budget statement on Thursday.

Originally published on Market Watch.

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